STD/STI: Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

HPV isn’t in the news as much as it was a few years ago when the vaccine first came out. But it is still one of the STD/STIs that most people are familiar with. It is also one that I think people make way to much fuss about. According the CDC “…almost every sexually-active person will get HPV at some time in their lives…” That said, the possible complications of HPV are real causes for concern. As always, educate yourself so you can protect yourself.

Prevention: Condoms provide some protection, but aren’t perfect. Don’t have sexual interaction with anyone who has visible warts and make sure you and your partners get tested regularly. The HPV vaccine protects against some forms of the virus, including those most likely to cause cancer. Given what the CDC says about everyone being infected at one point or another, don’t drive yourself crazy with this one.

Treatment: If warts develop, they can be treated by a doctor. Do not try to use over the counter wart treatments – they are not designed for genital warts. If you have HPV, additional tests can determine if you are infected with one of the varieties linked to cancer. Your doctor can advise you on any additional precautions you can take if those tests come back positive. Most HPV infections clear up on their own within 6 months.

Symptoms: Genital warts may look like cauliflower heads or flat, raised areas of skin. They are often microscopic. Many people don’t develop any symptoms.

Complications: Some forms of HPV can cause cancers, include cervical, anal, vaginal and others. The HPV vaccine protects against some forms of HPV that cause cancer. If an expectant mother has HPV during labor and delivery, the baby may (rarely) be infected. If you are pregnant make sure your doctor is aware if you have been diagnosed with HPV, so precautions can be taken.

Back to the Long List of STD/STIs.